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Working Principle Of Washing Machine

Working Principle Of Washing MachineDon’t you use a washing machine probably daily? You have been washing your clothes for years without thinking much about the functionality of this machine? How does a washing machine clean clothes? What’s inside this electronics appliance, how does it spin from one direction to the other? How It takes water to washes out the laundry and also dries them up without any particular heating system? These are the question we need to ask ourselves. The curiosity takes us from one stage to the other and never stop learning.

Here we are with a detailed guide, the working principle of a washing machine. Don’t leave, stick to reading and have a complete insight into the washing machine.

How Does Washing Machine Work?

There are two main types of washing machine working in India. Here you see these two types of washing machine everywhere, and the market is just flooded with the dozens of brands and hundreds of products.

  1. Semi-automatic washing machine
  2. Fully automatic washing machine

The fully automatic washing machines are more convenient and offer a great range of functionality. You get fully automatic functions which carry out the washing without any manual interference.  They are a little more budget friendly, and you spend a normal price to get actually purchase.

The semi-automatic is needed for your assistant to get the job done. Here, you will have to pour in the water manually and need to set up the timer, etc. Here we will explain the functionality of both the washing machine

Semi Automatic Washing Machine Working

The Semi-automatic machines work entirely different. Here the manual instructions are needed, and you need to be around the washing machine when the process is taking out. You cannot just go out and put the laundry in to handle the full control to the machine. It will not click the next operation, without external commands or instructions.

The cycles of washing are quite similar; the machine totally depends on the manual input. You tell it each and every step and instruct it exactly what to do. You put the water manually; you just fill a tub and pour the water into the washing tub. The machine never instructs you about the level of water, the way we handle water in fully automatic machines.

After that, you put the detergent in the detergent box and put your water. All instructions are given on the control panel. You switch the pre-soak option. Soaking the clothes before the actual washing cycle makes the stains weaker and you get them washed away quite easily.

The next comes the washing type, you get different washing types. In most of the semi-automatic washing machine, we see three different washing types

  1. Delicate
  2. Normal
  3. Hard

You can switch to any of the mentioned, and set the washing period in minutes. The machine will complete the cycle in the set time span and after that will require the next command line.

Here is a semi-automatic washing machine, you have the choice of draining the dirty water or just use it once more. If you are facing the water shortages, use the same water again. The next comes the drying process. In semi-automatic machines, we get a separate drying section.

You put the soaking water into the section, and use the spin to dry the clothes completely. They do not dry out completely, about 80% extracted from them. You need the drying line-up to get the complete drying of the clothes.

Fully Automatic Washing Machine Working

The fully automatic machine holds two steel tubs inside. The inner and outer tub, the inner tube has an agitator, with holes perforated, which helps the drain water removed from the inner tub the outer tub.

The fully automatic machine moves the clothes from one direction the other directions from start to finish without any external assistant. The working principle of a fully automatic machine is quite impressive, and for a novice, it would be hard to get the entire process.

The working includes washing, rinsing, spinning, and drying. During each cycle, the machine releases the detergent what we fill in before the carrying out the washing process. With every cycle the machine fill-in the fresh water, and drained out the dirty water.

The first cycle is known as the washing cycle when the machine takes the detergent and cleans the clothes thoroughly from moving one direction to the other direction. In the second cycle, the soapy water is drained and fresh water is added, which remove the soaps residue from the clothes. In the third cycle, the fresh water added which removes the remaining soaps from the clothes. The soapy water is then drained, the machine movies quickly and remove all the water from the clothes.

The laundry after that is taken out and we spread it on the drying line-up for complete drying. In the complete process, you are not required to manually assist the machine to carry out any operation. In fact, you cannot make the machine to stop and open the lid to add some more laundry, until the machine itself complete the washing and drying.

Each cycle clicks over to the next automatically, that’s why we call it a fully automatic machine, with advanced washing functions. In fully automatic washing machines you can use the hot water to wash and rinse. To get this, you will have to push the button of the hot water, the hot rode starts heating the water from the inside, and you get hot water ranging 55-90 degree centigrade.

Fully automatic washing machines can further be divided into two types. 

  1. Front Load Washing Machine
  2. Top Load Washing Machine

Front Loading Working Principal 

You get a front door to put the load into the drum. The drum wash, rinse and spins the laundry. Here you see the different working principle, the clothes are tossing from one direction to the other, as the drum itself is moving. Most of the front-load washing machine uses agitator washing style to wash and rinse the clothes.

Top Loading Working Principal 

In a top-loading washing machine, you load the washing machine from the top. The drum here does not move from one direction to the other, but the base of the machine rotates and moves the clothes thoroughly. Here, the machine’s base takes clockwise and anti-clockwise rotation, to fully wash the dresses.

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